Pulses are rich in protein and they are essential food crops around the globe. Pulses are part and parcel of the Indian diet supplying much-required protein to the diet that is rich in carbohydrate. India is the greatest pulse producing country around the world. Pulses have the protein content of 20 to 25 per cent by weight that is double of wheat and three times of rice.
Some of the majorly grown pulses are masur (lentil), pigeon pea (arhar or tur), chickpeas (gram), moong beans, and different types of beans etc.
Regions of Cultivation
The vital regions that are high in productivity are Haryana, Punjab, West Bengal delta region, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Western Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, eastern and coastal Karnataka, and some areas of Maharashtra.
Major Export Destinations of the year of 2016-17 are Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, and Algeria.
Importance of Rain in Agriculture
Precipitation, particularly rain is associated with a substantial consequence on agriculture. Most of the plants require some amount of water for their survival. Rain is the most significant mode of watering and that is why rain is crucial to agriculture. Normal rain pattern is generally essential to healthy plants; however, too little or too much rainfall can be unfavorable, even destructive to crops.
Drought might kill crops and enhance erosion. On the other hand, the excessively wet weather might cause the growth of harmful fungus. Plants require different quantities of rainfall for surviving.
The areas, which are involved with dry and wet seasons, the nutrients of soil diminish and erosion increases in times of the wet season in those places. The earlier dry season develops food deficiencies into the respective wet season because the crops do not mature completely.
Rain can be harvested by using rainwater tanks and can be treated to non-potable use or for potable use or for the purpose of irrigation. Too much rain during small periods of time might cause the situation of flash floods.
Lentil plant is an annual plant of semi erect temperate nature. It develops properly in the cool growing states that are different from the nature of other crucial crops because they are associated with the tropical nature.
Lentil crop produces appropriately if it is developed on a fertile, light, and an appropriately drained soil. The black, as well as alluvial type of soil, fulfills all of these required factors.
Lentil is a reasonably drought resistant plant that flourishes on a perfectly drained soil other than rainfall. Too much humidity or rainfall might affect the plantation adversely and may alleviate the production of the crop.
Lentil crop takes the duration of 85 days approximately to attain its level of maturity and the color linked to the lower pods associated with the plant converts brown color to yellow brown color at that particular time.
Appropriate Climate for Toor Dal Cultivation
Toor or Arhar Dal crop needs on average 600-650 mm of rainfall with humid conditions for the initial eight weeks and drier conditions in times of flowering as well as pod development phase and it will develop highly prosperous crop. Rains in times of flowering cause poor pollination.
If you want to know the required rainfall for other pulses, then you can refer to the internet sources.